By Benjamin A. Elman
Historians of technology and Sinologists have lengthy wanted a unified narrative to explain the chinese language improvement of recent technology, medication, and know-how seeing that 1600. They welcomed the looks in 2005 of Benjamin Elman's masterwork, all alone phrases. Now Elman has retold the tale of the Jesuit impression on past due imperial China, circa 1600-1800, and the Protestant period in early sleek China from the 1840s to 1900 in a concise and obtainable shape perfect for the study room. This coherent account of the emergence of contemporary technology in China areas that emergence in old context for either common scholars of contemporary technology and experts of China. (20070112)
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Extra resources for A Cultural History of Modern Science in China
16 During the late eighteenth century, others took up the mathematical astronomy of Mei and the Jesuits. 17 Mensuration and Cartography in the Eighteenth Century The late Kangxi and Yongzheng bans on propagating European natural studies were highly ineffective at curtailing advances in geography and cartography. In the midst of Qing empire-building, as the court used Jesuit surveying techniques to measure its domains, evidential scholars quickly adopted and enhanced new discoveries from abroad.
Consequently, they are not limited to just five. 31 In the dialogue that Vagnoni imagined with a Chinese, there was an assumed agreement that at least three of the Chinese five elements—namely, water, fire, and earth—overlapped with the four elements of Aristotle. But Vagnoni believed that the Chinese had miscategorized the elements by failing to ascertain that in addition to water, fire, and earth, air was the only other pure substance. Vagnoni and his Chinese informant made no effort to conceptualize the five phases in Chinese terms, which described the five phases not as substances but as marked phases in every sequence of change, whose configurations over time were the key to the delineation of the myriad things in the world.
23 Zuo Zongtang (1812–1885), however, was inspired by Gu Yanwu’s and Gu Zuyu’s geographical treatises to pursue what was to become a lifelong interest in Chinese topography and military strategy. His interest in Chinese Turkestan, in particular, underscored his insistence in the 1870s that troops be sent to Northwest China to prevent that area from falling permanently into Russian hands. Zuo’s campaigns provoked the opposition of Li Hongzhang (1823–1901) and other Beijing officials who regarded naval power for coastal defense and protection of Korea from Japan as more pressing than the recovery of territory in the distant interior.