By J Lee Thompson
Whilst Alfred Milner (1854-1925) used to be knighted, he took as his motto Communis Patria, 'patriotism for our universal country'. by means of this he intended the broader patriotism of the British Empire, the furthering of which he made his life's paintings. this is often the 1st research of Milner to take his politics, or 'constructive' imperialism as its basic subject matter. His profession is tested as a complete, from the genesis of his imperial ideology at Oxford, via his time as excessive Commissioner in South Africa in the course of the Boer warfare, to his days as Minister of struggle throughout the ultimate seven months of the 1st international battle. Famously, Milner propagated his principles via his 'kindergarten', a gaggle of like-minded younger male acolytes. during this interesting ebook, J Lee Thompson additionally discovers a bunch of younger lady supporters of his imaginative and prescient. This e-book is predicated on huge fundamental examine in records within the united kingdom, North the USA and South Africa.
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Extra info for A Wider Patriotism: Alfred Milner and the British Empire (Empires in Perspective)
47 England in Egypt also called for the overthrow of the ‘bloody despotism’ of the Khalifa, the Mahdi’s successor in the Sudan. However, the main argument Milner offered for re-taking the Sudan was not avenging Gordon, but his anxiety that the territory had a potential stranglehold on the Nile. 48 He did not fear that the ‘savages of the Sudan’ would have the engineering skill to ‘play tricks’ with the Nile, but that some day a ‘civilized power’ might be in a position to do so. 49 To accomplish this, Milner proposed a patient step-by-step approach, beginning with an expedition to Dongola.
In the following election the Conservatives kept their pledge not to challenge the Liberal Unionists where this might give the race to a Gladstonian. Goschen was defeated at East Edinburgh, but otherwise the July 1886 contest proved a triumph for the combined Conservative and Liberal Unionist cause: 316 Conservatives, 78 Liberal Unionists, 191 Gladstonian Liberals and 85 Irish Nationalists were returned. On 20 July, the same day Gladstone resigned, at a meeting of Liberal Unionists a large majority opposed a coalition, afraid of being absorbed into the Conservative Party.
In the vote on 27 January 1886 eighteen Liberals, including Goschen and Lord Hartington, the leader of the Liberal Whig faction, supported the Government; seventy other Liberals abstained. Joseph Chamberlain, leader of the party’s Radical wing, and creator of the politically powerful National Liberal Federation, was annoyed by the distraction from other social reform and imperial measures that the Irish question caused, but voted with Gladstone, willing to wait and see what sort of Home Rule he would propose.