By Silvia Bonino
This informative and helpful quantity offers a considerable contribution to the certainty of adolescent hazard habit. The publication combines theoretical research and the findings of a broad-based learn venture, with available presentation all through.
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Additional resources for Adolescents and risk: Behaviors, functions and protective factors
This is the case with some psychoactive substances, such as marijuana and moderate alcohol consumption, which give a pleasant sense of fluidity to social situation, eliminating inhibitions and providing an atmosphere of closeness and intimacy. Other types of behavior create an opportunity to communicate with peers by doing something similar, relying on actions more than words. This is the case with cigarette smoking, which is used often to overcome embarrassment in social situations or as a way to start conversation with another person, for example, by offering or asking for a cigarette (Silbereisen and Noack 1988).
Many types of risk behavior, because they imply concrete, visible actions carried out with others, offer easy, tangible ways for adolescents to express their identity as part of a group in order to gain recognition, reputation, and popularity. This is the case with the use of psychoactive substances as well as deviant or dangerous actions. The sharing of such actions reinforces individual identity in that “the private claim of an identity depends upon public acceptance of that claim and the social support for expressing that claim” (Emler and Reicher 1995).
1991) and serves as the foundation for the methodological instrument - the questionnaire - used in our research. The study takes into consideration four areas (see Fig. 1) that constitute the four main variable systems, each of which interacts with the others: the behavior system, the personality system, the perceived environment system, and the social environment system. First of all, risk is studied through an analysis of behavior, as it is, in fact, behavior that constitutes a problem: it can be harmful, dangerous, or disturbing.