Download After the Nazi Racial State: Difference and Democracy in by Rita Chin, Heide Fehrenbach, Geoff Eley, Atina Grossmann PDF

By Rita Chin, Heide Fehrenbach, Geoff Eley, Atina Grossmann

ISBN-10: 0472033441

ISBN-13: 9780472033447

"After the Nazi Racial country bargains a finished, persuasive, and bold argument in want of creating 'race' a extra relevant analytical class for the writing of post-1945 historical past. this can be a really very important venture, and the amount certainly has the capability to reshape the sector of post-1945 German history."---Frank Biess, collage of California, San DiegoWhat occurred to "race," race considering, and racial differences in Germany, and Europe extra widely, after the loss of life of the Nazi racial country? This ebook investigates the afterlife of "race" because 1945 and demanding situations the long-dominant assumption between historians that it disappeared from public discourse and policy-making with the defeat of the 3rd Reich and its genocidal ecu empire. Drawing on case stories of Afro-Germans, Jews, and Turks---arguably the 3 most crucial minority groups in postwar Germany---the authors element continuities and alter around the 1945 divide and provide the beginnings of a historical past of race and racialization after Hitler. a last bankruptcy strikes past the German context to think about the postwar engagement with "race" in France, Britain, Sweden, and the Netherlands, the place waves of postwar, postcolonial, and hard work migration bothered nativist notions of nationwide and eu identity.After the Nazi Racial country poses interpretative questions for the old knowing of postwar societies and democratic transformation, either in Germany and all through Europe. It elucidates key analytical different types, historicizes present discourse, and demonstrates how modern debates approximately immigration and integration---and approximately simply how a lot "difference" a democracy can accommodate---are implicated in an extended historical past of "race." This booklet explores why the concept that of "race" turned taboo as a device for realizing German society after 1945. so much crucially, it indicates the social and epistemic results of this decided retreat from "race" for Germany and Europe as a whole.Rita Chin is affiliate Professor of heritage on the collage of Michigan.Heide Fehrenbach is Presidential examine Professor at Northern Illinois University.Geoff Eley is Karl Pohrt unique college Professor of latest heritage on the collage of Michigan.Atina Grossmann is Professor of heritage at Cooper Union.Cover representation: Human eye, © Stockexpert.com.

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Additional info for After the Nazi Racial State: Difference and Democracy in Germany and Europe (Social History, Popular Culture, and Politics in Germany)

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In keeping with the earlier practice of German ethnographers and racial scientists, Kirchner appended a set of photographs of the children to his work. Both anthropologists analyzed the children’s medical and psychological records, as well as their social, family, and moral milieu, and subjected the children to a series of intellectual and psychological exams. 32 In exploring the somatic, psychological, and behavioral effects of “racial mixing,” both anthropologists drew on the earlier work and methodologies of German racial scientists and eugenicists Eugen Fischer, Wolfgang Abel, and Otmar Freiherr von Verschuer (along with Americans Charles Davenport and Melville Herskovits).

Painfully few of the mostly Jewish children survived the initial hours following arrival at the camps. 1 After 1945 and the demise of the Third Reich, children remained a focus of racialized social policy in Germany, particularly in the decade and a 30 Black Occupation Children and the Devolution of the Nazi Racial State 31 half following the war. Although no longer subject to physical violence or death by state dictate, certain children continued to serve as objects of scienti‹c study by anthropologists, psychologists, social workers, and school and state of‹cials intent on documenting signs of racial difference.

What came home to the Germans after 1945 was not just their former state enemies, but their declared racial enemies as well: Blacks, Jews, Slavs, and other so-called “Asiatics” who served in Allied armies or were liberated as slave laborers, POWs, or concentration and death camp inmates. 13 In 1945, German state of‹cials attempted to nullify the reproductive consequences of conquest by temporarily relaxing Paragraph 218, which outlawed abortion. ”14 In liberalizing abortion policy, German of‹cials speci‹cally targeted “miscegenist” rape by enemy soldiers.

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