By N. S. S. Narayana
This e-book provides an empirically envisioned utilized basic equilibrium version for India and the research of quite a lot of coverage matters conducted utilizing the version. many of the chapters within the e-book care for public distribution regulations, international alternate and reduction regulations, rural works programmes, phrases of alternate guidelines, fertilizer subsidy guidelines and irrigation improvement guidelines. those regulations are analysed by way of their instant and medium time period results on construction, intake and costs of alternative commodities, at the progress of the economic climate in addition to at the distribution of source of revenue between diverse teams in rural and concrete components and the prevalence of poverty within the economic system. every one bankruptcy facing coverage research describes the analytical concerns concerned, the old context and adventure of the coverage involved, result of the version eventualities and the coverage insights that emerge
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Extra info for Agriculture, Growth, and Redistribution of Income: Policy Analysis With a General Equilibrium Model of India
Seeds sown on irrigated land. ^= crop specific, land specific rainfall; 10 For a cross section survey data on crop specific fertilizer application for the year 1972, see Sarvekshana (1978). 11 See Sarvekshana (1978). v. v. area is less than or equal to irrigated area. v. on unirrigated land also. v. v. area is set to zero. = a , ^ b , f , ^ c , f , ^ + d , R , - h U , = YLD^* + U ^ (18) so that YLDjj^* represents the expected yield. c^) (20) where LMDA,, the shadow price of the fertilizer, is given by 2 F ^ + Z Akt LMDAj = Σ A, (21) PklCikJ Thus, in principle one can estimate, using a non-linear simultaneous equations approach, all die parameters in equation (18) and hence die fertilizer shadow price LMDAj and die mtensities fj^ by minimizing die sum of the squares of error terms as given by Σ Σ (YLD^ - YLO^f (22) where YLD^* is die expected value of YLD^.
55 by die year 2P00 and a suitable time function was specified accordingly. , were all culled out from various data sources and exogenously specified. Buffaloes in milk: BM, = P J l + n J ( L V B F L X . , (29) where LVBFL^ BM^ n^ Pbm = = = ~ stock of buffaloes in year t; stock of buffaloes in milk in year t; natural growdi rate of buffaloes; and proportion of buffaloes in milk in total number of buffaloes. The stock of buffaloes in milk was estimated through historical natural growth rate of buffaloes, because (a) die number of working or non-working buffa loes is much less compared to die number of catüe; (b) draft power (relating to work on farms) provided by buffaloes is relatively small compared to bullocks, and (c) buffaloes, their milk yields being higher, are maintained as profitable commercial assets not only by farmers, but by numerous milk- 36 Agriculture, Growth and Redistribution of income selling entrepreneurs.
A detailed report of our modeling approach and estimation of acreage response can be found in Narayana and Parikh (1981). Only a brief description high lighting some of die more important issues is given below. 6. AGRI Model 27 of various crops, and technological features. Past allocation decisions may also constrain die extent to which land can be shifted from crop to crop. Two important points are to be noted. These are : (a) In traditional agriculture with unchanging technology, relative crop prices can reasonably be assumed to reflect relative profits earned by farmers in allocating an acre to one crop radier dian to another.