By Douglas L. Cairns
This can be the 1st research in English to ascertain probably the most an important phrases in Greek moral and social discourse, aidos, inside a variety of Greek literature. generally rendered "shame," "modesty," or "respect," aidos is among the such a lot elusive and hard Greek phrases to translate. Dr. Cairns discusses the character and alertness of aidos and different correct phrases in a few authors; with specific emphasis on their manifestations in epic, tragedy, and philosophy. He exhibits that the essence of the idea that is to be present in its dating with Greek values of honor, during which context it might realize and reply to the glory of either the self and others. It hence comprises either self- and different- concerning habit, aggressive and cooperative values.
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Extra resources for Aidos: The Psychology and Ethics of Honour and Shame in Ancient Greek Literature
26 GREEK AND ROMAN HISTORIANS Nevertheless, it remains inescapably true that ancient historians maintain many links with poets—and should, indeed, be compared to them. 30 The official position of the literary genre of tragedy in the cultural and social life of the Athenian polis makes it a priori likely that it was related to a particular political situation and had a substantial ‘political’ character. The choice of contemporary themes by… Aeschylus shows clearly the wish of the author to express views of contemporary relevance….
3 The same applies to Thucydides. In spite of a number of citations that he offers, there are many more instances of his failure to quote relevant documents. Quota lists and tribute lists make up for some of his omissions. 5 But those relating to the period covered by Thucydides escaped his notice, or did not seem to him worth incorporating in his work. Was the labour of deciphering them [inscriptions] too laborious? It is remarkable that Thucydides describes a sixth-century inscription, which he quotes, as written ‘in faint characters’.
14 This is, in a way, salutary: he shows that he is not credulous. But it also means that, quite often, he offers alternative versions of a story, without necessarily making up his mind which is right. In other words, he suspends his own belief, and feels no firm obligation to tell the truth. 16 Nevertheless, he remains overcredulous of remote events and huge numbers. 18 Polybius, as so often, has given the matter a good deal of thought. He sees the advantages of probability, although there are occasions, he recognises, when it may be untrue.