Download Alpine Plant Life: Functional Plant Ecology of High Mountain by Christian Körner PDF

By Christian Körner

ISBN-10: 3540003479

ISBN-13: 9783540003472

Recent years have noticeable renewed curiosity within the fragile alpine biota. The foreign 12 months of Mountains in 2002 and various foreign courses and tasks have contributed to this. on account that approximately half mankind depends upon water provides originating in mountain catchments, the integrity and practical signi?cance of the upland biota is a key to human welfare and may obtain much more recognition as water turns into an more and more restricted source. Intact alpine vegetation,as the guard of the water towers of the area, is worthy being good understood. This new version of Alpine flora is an replace with over a hundred new references,new diagrams, revised and prolonged chapters (particularly 7, 10, eleven, 12, sixteen, 17) and now additionally deals a geographic index. My thank you visit the various cautious readers of the ?rst version for his or her Most worthy reviews, in parti- lar to Vicente I. Deltoro (Valencia) and Johanna Wagner (Innsbruck). Basel,April 2003 Christian Körner Preface to the ?rst version one of many greatest normal organic experiments, might be the single one replicated throughout all latitudes and all climatic regions,is uplift of the l. a.- scape and publicity of organisms to dramatic climatic gradients over a really brief distance, differently in simple terms visible over hundreds of thousands ofkilometers of poleward touring. Generations of plant scientists were fascinated with those average try areas,and have explored plant and surroundings responses to alpine existence stipulations. Alpine plants is an test at a synthesis.

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Extra info for Alpine Plant Life: Functional Plant Ecology of High Mountain Ecosystems

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2 00/5°S 4400 3500 365 ca. 15 SON/lOGS 4100 3200 365 ca. 5 +13 ca. 12 +3 ca. +5 ca. 12 +3/+4 ca. +5 A Latitude Elevation (m) Elevation of upper forest line (m) (4100) Mean length of growing season (days) Mean daily global radiation in July (A,B,C,D) and total year (E,F) (106Jm2) Growing season photoperiod (hd- 1) Mean air temperature in the warmest month (OC) Mean soil temperature in the warmest month (OC; 10-25 em depth) temperate 71"N 5 , A, Alaska (Barrow); B, Southern Alps of New Zealand; C, Austrian Central Alps; D, Rocky Mountains (Niwot Ridge); E, Mt.

Of course, the seasonal amplitude of monthly mean air temperature increases almost linearly with latitude (Fig. 3). A reduction of atmospheric temperature auto- E 1-~ ~. ~-matically reduces the moisture content of vapour

11. Leaves and flowers of alpine plants may receive short term extremes of solar radiation exceeding the extra-terrestrial solar constant when direct beam and high intensity diffuse radiation overlap as it happens when the sun shines through a gap in a thin cloud layer. (Unpublished QFD measurements in the Alps by the author). Adjacent snow banks may further enhance the radiation Asia, Japan, New Zealand and Australia, this trend continues to the highest altitudes (Flohn 1974). However, in many subtropical and tropical mountains, precipitation tends to decrease above a midaltitude maximum (Lauscher 1976, Rundel 1994; Hemp and Beck 2001).

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