By Gabrielle V. Novacek
On January 29, 2005, the Oriental Institute celebrated the reputable public beginning of the Haas and Schwartz Megiddo Gallery. This social gathering marked the go back of a few of the main remarkable artifacts ever excavated within the southern Levant to everlasting public show. The Oriental Institute's prolific heritage of exploration within the zone is testomony to a long-standing scholarly ardour for discovery and the pursuit of data. This quantity attracts from the momentum generated by way of the hole of the Megiddo Gallery and current a variety of highlights from the Institute's higher Israel assortment.
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Additional resources for Ancient Israel: Highlights from the Collections of the Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago
2002, 298–99. 26 ancient israel The seat of the Hare nome (the 15th nome of Upper Egypt) was in Hermopolis, near the modern Egyptian city of Mallawi. The nome’s administrative officials were buried in the rock-cut necropolis of adjacent Bersheh. Djehutyhotep’s burial place has been identified as one of the most spectacular tombs at the site. A relief inside the tomb depicts the transport of a colossal statue by sled from the calcite quarry at Hatnub. Djehutyhotep’s statuette was found in a secondary context at Megiddo where it was used as a building stone within a Late Bronze Age wall along with other Egyptian statue fragments.
In Canaanite religious mythology, Astarte was the great goddess, consort of Ba‘al, the god of fertility and storms. Astarte herself was usually associated with sexuality, fertility, war, and the productive powers of nature. In mythological texts from the ancient city of Ugarit (located in coastal Syria) she can also be androgynous. Astarte appears under several additional names in Canaanite religious texts, including Asherah, ‘Anat, Ba‘alat, and Elath. Astarte would later continue as the principle goddess in Phoenician religion.
Mitanni sent troops in support of the Canaanites to the Battle of Megiddo in 1479 BC, where Thutmose III consolidated his control over the southern Levant. Thutmose later conducted a campaign into Mitanni territory, during which he became the first pharaoh to cross the Euphrates. Over time, relations improved and marriage alliances were formed between the Mitanni kings and the Egyptian pharaohs, as famously illustrated by the El-Amarna letters (cuneiform clay tablets found in Egypt which document their correspondence).